Acute kidney injury (AKI) is an abrupt decline of kidney function with kidney damage that happens within hours to days. This leads to a build-up of waste products in your blood and makes it hard for your kidneys to keep the right balance of fluid and electrolytes in your body. Other organs such as the brain, heart, and lungs can also be involved in AKI. Acute kidney injury is more common in patients who are in the hospital, in intensive care units, and especially in older adults.
Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) can be caused by many different causes mainly low blood pressure or hypotension, dehydration or fluid loss, sepsis, drugs or due to obstruction to urinary outflow tract. It is important to perform tests to confirm the extent and severity of AKI as many patients require hospitalization to manage AKI. There are many symptoms of AKI which may be mild to severe including low urine output, lethargy, nausea, vomiting, confusion and seizures. It is important to see your doctor immediately for testing and management of fluid, electrolytes. Some patients may require urgent dialysis.