Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is defined as the presence of impaired or reduced kidney function lasting at least 3 months. A person with advanced kidney failure (CKD stage 5 or so called end-stage kidney disease-ESRD), usually requires a kidney transplant or dialysis to survive. CKD is one of the common chronic conditions in Australia, affecting 1 in 10 Australians adults (1.7 million people) and contributing to 1 in 9 deaths. The elderly, Indigenous Australians and people living in remote and socioeconomically disadvantaged areas are at an increased risk of CKD. Diabetes and hypertension are the common causes leading to development of CKD. As most people do not have symptoms of kidney failure in the early stages it is important that your GP monitors your kidney function based on your risk profile and make appropriate referral to specialist renal care