In peritoneal dialysis a soft plastic tube (catheter) is placed in the belly by surgery. After a gap of one or two weeks once the abdominal would is healed a sterile cleansing fluid is put into the belly through this catheter. The inside lining of ones own belly acts as a natural filter. Wastes are taken out by means of a cleansing fluid called dialysate, which is washed in and out of your belly in cycles. Generally one needs to perform 3 to 4 cycles in a day to accomplish adequate dialysis. This form of dialysis can also be done with a help of a machine called automated peritoneal dialysis or APD. Infection during the procedure is the biggest concern and one need to be very careful and clean during change of each cycle of dialysis.Ongoing specialist care is required to monitor the procedure and make necessary changes to the dialysis prescription.